They belong to the Rutaceae family, to the genus Citrus: oranges.
Along with lemons, grapefruit, clementines and cedar, it makes up the miles of citrus or fruit taste sour or bitter.
Depending on the color of the pulp we find different varieties:
Our beloved Sicily and Calabria are the largest producers, but also the European south is not far behind.
Oranges provide 100 grams of 34 kcal, water is the major component, together with vitamins and minerals.
Vitamin C and Vitamin A are the present, along with B vitamins such as thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin PP also called niacin.
Vitamin C helps strengthen our immune system, helping to combat seasonal illnesses like the common cold or cough. Increases in the intestine the absorption of iron.
Its flavonoids, such as hesperidium and narirutin, along with vitamins help rebuild collagen, going to strengthen bones, teeth, cartilage, tendons and ligaments.
They preserve the elasticity of blood vessel walls especially for smaller caliber vessels such as capillaries, and improve venous return of blood vessels, so sufferers "swollen legs" or "water retention" as cellulite, can definitely be even better.
Sicilian red oranges have a special feature in more than the other, they contain anthocyanins, (Ciadin-3-glucoside), powerful anti-inflammatory, and high anti-free radical activity, often greater than that of red wine resveratrol and ascorbic acid other citrus. This its antioxidant activity helps to prevent the damage that can cause genetic mutations and fights free radicals. Counteracting oxidative also environmental factors.
The terpenes present in oranges and other citrus fruits are imported to prevent cancers of the colon and rectum, also limonene peels helps prevent breast cancer.
The blood orange can be called Functional Food, a food that improves the defenses of the body especially those at risk as smokers.
People who suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease, ulcers or gastritis should be careful not to abound with the quantity of oranges because they could accentuate existing symptoms.
Pharmaceutical information about the applications and the consumption of food plants have no indication for self-prescription. In the case of diseases, especially if severe, you need to individually track them with your doctor.