The plant Linum usitatissimum belongs to the Linaceae the best known varieties are the brown and golden yellow family.
Flax seeds are oval-shaped, dark red, are harvested between July and September.
From the flax plant is obtained fiber for fabrics, from its seeds oil and flour.
Since the time of Hippocrates linseed were known for its healing properties, their use is not limited to health care, but are also used for cosmetics especially for hair care.
They contain essential fatty acids Omega 3 and Omega 6, very important to combat cardiovascular disease and plaque formation in the arteries, slow down cellular aging and fight free radicals. Especially the seeds are well known and appreciated for their laxative and anti-inflammatory properties, the benefit figure is the regularization of bowel physiological processes, help fight inflammation of this apparatus so sufferers of irritable bowel syndrome or constipation it can reap big help.
There are also: water, fiber, sugars (sucrose and glucose), proteins, linoleic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, lutein and zeaxanthin, mineral salts (calcium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, iron, potassium, manganese, selenium, copper), B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E and K, amino acids (arginine, glycine, histidine, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, proline, serine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, and valine), mucilage.
The set of nutrients help to fight aging both of the cells with their antioxidant action of the skin and slowing down hair loss.
They are low-calorie and hypoglycemic, diabetics can use flax seeds in their diet, but ensures that in case of regular use to monitor the blood glucose value. The large fiber can partially interfere and hinder oral hypoglycemics.
Still help to maintain low pressure, improving renal function.
The high concentration of mineral salts fights osteoporosis, a disease that leads the bones to be very fragile increasing the risk of fractures, is a more frequent pathology especially for women during menopause.
The recommended dose is 2 teaspoons a day, that can be taken with water, teas, juices, yogurt, salads, soups.
For better digestibility is recommended to chop or grind the seeds before using them.
An overdose of flaxseed can lead to having intestinal bloating, diarrhea, nausea and abdominal cramps.
They can be taken during pregnancy and in childhood but only under medical supervision.
We do not recommend oil ingestion of flaxseed better for outdoor use, can be used on hair and skin.
Those who take oral hypoglycemic agents, and anti aggregation and anticoagulant therapy can make intermittent use and should inform their doctor because assessing the possible interactions.
Pharmaceutical information about the applications and the consumption of food plants have no indication for self-prescription. In the case of diseases, especially if severe, you need to individually track them with your doctor.
Dr. Cinzia M. Calabrese